What Comprises Building Inspection?

A building inspection is an examination done by a building inspector qualified in one or more fields. They are qualified in building science, building maintenance, electrical, plumbing or structural and fire safety engineering to render impartial and independent professional judgment concerning whether a commercial building meets building code standards. The purpose of this is to protect the public from the harm that can be caused by conditions present in buildings that have not been inspected. 

This is also to ensure that the public can enjoy a building’s amenities and the safe operation of its mechanical systems, including heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems and its interiors and exterior finishes. An inspection report is often provided to the public when requested by local governments or by owners of buildings.


The relevant regulatory body must license commercial building inspectors in their area. These regulatory bodies vary greatly and may include state agencies such as the department of construction and safety. In some states, however, regulatory boards are appointed by the state legislature. The appropriate regulatory body must license building inspectors within the area in which they work. Some states allow inspectors with other relevant commercial construction experience to perform the licensing examinations for those inspectors with no related work experience.

The first step in obtaining a commercial building inspection report is to contact the relevant regulatory body in your state. At the appointment, the building inspector should inspect the premises and discuss the purpose of the inspection and what types of tests and procedures will be used. You will then be advised of the specific results expected from each test and the fees that will be assessed.

Commercial building inspections are usually conducted on structures that are constructed and occupied and non-constructed or vacant structures. Inspections of vacant buildings can also be arranged, although this is not often required. Structural inspections are usually performed on buildings that are undergoing construction. A structural inspection aims to find out if the structure is safe for human habitation and if it is structurally sound.

Electrical inspections are required by most municipalities and are very comprehensive. Before the municipal inspection, the building inspection company will conduct a series of tests and electrical systems to determine whether any electrical systems are dangerous to live in or hazardous to the environment. These inspections are also sometimes accompanied by surveys to determine the condition of the electrical supply to individual locations. The purpose of these inspections is to prevent buyers, tenants, and workers from death and injury during their employment and avoid the spread of disease by providing necessary information for occupants to protect themselves from electrical shock and fires caused by faulty electrical systems.

Building inspectors are licensed and trained by building survey associations. They follow strict building codes set by the jurisdictions they serve. All licenses obtained by building inspectors must be renewed periodically, and building inspectors adhere to federal and state safety codes. All states require building inspections to be performed before issuing building permits.

When performing PremiumPrePurchaseInspections are building inspections of a residential property, the inspector checks for the following: structural stability, roofing, insulation, vapour control, venting, plumbing, drainage, lighting and mechanical ventilation. For non-residential properties, the inspector performs evaluations of water infiltration, leakage, and sump pump operation. 

Annual PremiumPrePurchaseInspections building inspections of a commercial property is different. Commercial buildings are usually more complex than residential ones, as the need for electrical, plumbing, ventilation and fire detection is more outstanding. A commercial building inspection will typically include a complete investigation of the heating and cooling system, including the functioning of the ductwork, furnace, blower, and water pump. The interior of the building, the plumbing system, pipes and ductwork, are all inspected. Exterior surfaces, such as gutters, roofs, doors and windows, are thoroughly inspected as well.